In the Large Helical Device (LHD), evident electron Bernstein wave (EBW) heating was successfully performed. The experiment was carried out using the electron cyclotron heating (ECH) system that was upgraded by installation of high-power, long-pulse 77 GHz gyrotrons. The EBW heating was achieved by a mode conversion from injected EC wave to EBW, by the so-called slow-XB technique where an X-mode wave is injected to the plasma from the high magnetic field side. The specific magnetic configuration of LHD provides a good opportunity to realize the slow-XB technique, which is generally difficult for tokamaks. With the slow-XB technique, increases in kinetically evaluated electron energy W pe and electron temperature Te were observed in overdense plasmas. An electron heating in the so-called super dense core plasma in LHD, which is characterized with an internal diffusion barrier and a steep density gradient at the plasma core, was successfully demonstrated in the plasma core region where the central electron density ne0 of 17 × 10 19 m-3 was about 1.2 times higher, at the beginning of the EC-wave injection, than the left-hand cut-off density of applied 77 GHz EC waves.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics