Electron cyclotron current drive experiments in LHCD plasmas using a remote steering antenna on the TRIAM-1M tokamak

H. Idei, K. Hanada, H. Zushi, K. Ohkubo, M. Hasegawa, S. Kubo, S. Nishi, A. Fukuyama, K. N. Sato, K. Nakamura, M. Sakamoto, A. Iyomasa, S. Kawasaki, H. Nakashima, A. Higashijima, T. Notake, T. Shimozuma, S. Ito, H. Hoshika, N. MaezonoK. Nakashima, M. Ogawa

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Abstract

A remote steering antenna was recently developed for electron cyclotron heating and current drive (ECH/ECCD) experiments on the TRIAM-1M tokamak. This is the first application of the remote steering antenna concept for ECH/ECCD experiments, which have conditions relevant to the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). Fundamental ECH and ECCD experiments were conducted in the ITER frequency from the low field using this antenna system. In addition to the angles near 0°, the launcher was a symmetric direction antenna with an extended steering-angle capability of (8°-19°). The output beam from the antenna was a well-defined Gaussian with a proper steering angle. The Gaussian content and the steering-angle accuracy were 0.85 and -0.5°, respectively. The high power tests measured the antenna transmission efficiency at 0.90-0.94. The efficiencies obtained in the low and high power tests were consistent with the calculations using higher-order modes. In order to excite the pure O/X-modes in the oblique injection, two polarizers were used to control the elliptical polarization of the incident beam for the ECCD experiments. The fundamental O/X-mode ECH/ECCD was applied to lower hyrid current drive plasmas at the optimized incident polarization. In the X-mode experiment, at medium density (∼1 × 1019 m-3), clear differences in the plasma current and the hard x-ray intensity were observed between the co- and counter-steering injections due to the ECCD effect on the coupling of forward fast electrons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-499
Number of pages11
JournalNuclear Fusion
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2006

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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