Electronic and Geometric Effects on Chemical Reactivity of 3d-Transition-Metal-Doped Silver Cluster Cations toward Oxygen Molecules

Shun Sarugaku, Masashi Arakawa, Tomoki Kawano, Akira Terasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report electronic and geometric structures of 3d-transition-metal-doped silver cluster cations, AgN-1M+ (M = Sc-Ni), studied by chemical reaction with oxygen molecules. The evaluated reaction rate coefficients for small sizes, N, are 2-6 orders of magnitude higher than those of undoped AgN +, whereas those for large N are comparable with those of AgN +. The low reactivity at large sizes is attributed to a geometric effect, that is, encapsulation of the dopant atom, which provides an active site located on the surface of the cluster in small sizes. In addition, a reactivity minimum is observed for AgN-1M+ with M = Sc, Ti, V, Fe, Co, and Ni at a specific size, where the cluster possesses 18 valence electrons including 3d electrons. With the aid of density functional theory calculations, the reactivity minimum is suggested to be due to an electronic effect, that is, formation of a closed electronic shell by the 18 valence electrons, implying delocalized 3d electrons. Ag13Cr+ and Ag12Mn+, possessing 18 valence electrons as well, are noted to be exceptions, where d electrons are supposed to be localized on the dopant atom because of the half-filled nature of Cr and Mn 3d orbital.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25890-25897
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume123
Issue number42
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 24 2019

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Chemical reactivity
Silver
Transition metals
Cations
reactivity
Positive ions
transition metals
silver
Oxygen
cations
Molecules
Electrons
oxygen
electronics
molecules
electrons
valence
Doping (additives)
Atoms
Encapsulation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Electronic and Geometric Effects on Chemical Reactivity of 3d-Transition-Metal-Doped Silver Cluster Cations toward Oxygen Molecules. / Sarugaku, Shun; Arakawa, Masashi; Kawano, Tomoki; Terasaki, Akira.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 123, No. 42, 24.10.2019, p. 25890-25897.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - We report electronic and geometric structures of 3d-transition-metal-doped silver cluster cations, AgN-1M+ (M = Sc-Ni), studied by chemical reaction with oxygen molecules. The evaluated reaction rate coefficients for small sizes, N, are 2-6 orders of magnitude higher than those of undoped AgN +, whereas those for large N are comparable with those of AgN +. The low reactivity at large sizes is attributed to a geometric effect, that is, encapsulation of the dopant atom, which provides an active site located on the surface of the cluster in small sizes. In addition, a reactivity minimum is observed for AgN-1M+ with M = Sc, Ti, V, Fe, Co, and Ni at a specific size, where the cluster possesses 18 valence electrons including 3d electrons. With the aid of density functional theory calculations, the reactivity minimum is suggested to be due to an electronic effect, that is, formation of a closed electronic shell by the 18 valence electrons, implying delocalized 3d electrons. Ag13Cr+ and Ag12Mn+, possessing 18 valence electrons as well, are noted to be exceptions, where d electrons are supposed to be localized on the dopant atom because of the half-filled nature of Cr and Mn 3d orbital.

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