Pattern electroretinograms (P-ERGs) evoked by alternating checks were studied in cats. Spatial frequency functions for transient and steady-state P-ERG waves showed a bimodal distribution with a preferred frequency at 0.6-0.75 c/deg and a second amplitude increase at frequencies lower than 0.5 c/deg. Decreasing the pattern luminance by 0.5 log units produced a shift of the spatial tuning curve toward lower spatial frequencies. No temporal tuning was noted in the temporal frequency functions. The bimodal distribution suggests that at spatial frequencies higher than 0.5 c/deg, the tuning reflects a 'contrast response' originating in cells with center surround organization. At spatial frequencies below 0.5 c/deg, the 'luminance response' becomes predominant and is generated in cells sensitive to mean luminance changes. Transient and steady-state P-ERGs to medium and high spatial frequencies were abolished by section of the optic nerve, while low spatial frequency stimuli at or below 0.3 c/deg continued to evoke P-ERGs at 1, 5 and 10 months after surgery. Quantitative whole amount retina microscopic examination confirmed the retrograde degeneration of the ganglion cells. It is concluded that both transient and steady-state P-ERGs to small and medium spatial frequencies checks are predominantly related to ganglion cell activity, while P-ERGs to low spatial frequencies reflect preganglionic cell activity.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1989|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology