OBJECTIVES: Aberrant expression of several microRNAs (miRs) has been reported in various neoplasms including intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) of the pancreas. MicroRNA-196a (miR-196a) is up-regulated in Barrett esophagus (characterized by intestinal metaplasia) and in colorectal cancer; this relationship between intestinal characteristics and miR-196a might also be applicable to intestinal-type IPMNs. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether intestinal-type IPMNs can be discriminated from non-intestinal-type IPMNs by the expression level of miR-196a in tissue and pancreatic juice samples. METHODS: Thirty-seven formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples (including 3 of normal pancreatic ducts) and 36 pancreatic juice samples were obtained. The expression level of miR-196a measured by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assays was compared between intestinal-type and non-intestinal-type IPMNs. RESULTS: MicroRNA-196a expression in intestinal-type IPMN tissue samples (n = 18) was significantly higher than that of non-intestinal-type IPMNs (n = 16) (P < 0.001). Similarly, miR-196a expression in pancreatic juice samples of intestinal-type IPMNs (n = 6) was significantly higher than that of non-intestinal-type IPMNs (n = 30) (P = 0.008), and the sensitivity and specificity for prediction of intestinal-type IPMNs using pancreatic juice samples were both 83%. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated expression of miR-196a in pancreatic juice samples is predictive of intestinal-type IPMNs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism