Elucidation of the relationship between enzyme activity and internal motion using a lysozyme stabilized by cavity-filling mutations

Y. Yoshida, T. Ohkuri, S. Kino, T. Ueda, T. Imoto

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Abstract

We investigated the activity and the internal motions of a stabilized mutant hen lysozyme (HEL) in which the residues M12 and L56 were mutated to L and F, respectively (LF mutant HEL). The result of the activity measurements against glycol chitin at various temperatures suggested that the temperature dependence of the activity of LF mutant HEL shifted to the high-temperature side compared with that of wild-type HEL. The detailed internal motions of LF mutant HEL in the absence and presence of a substrate analogue, (NAG)3, were examined by model-free analysis at 35°C. The results showed that the internal motions of LF mutant HEL in the presence of (NAG)3 were drastically restricted compared with those in wild-type HEL. Our findings thus suggested that the mutation to the stabilized lysozyme restricted internal motions required for the enzymatic reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1047-1055
Number of pages9
JournalCellular and Molecular Life Sciences
Volume62
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2005

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology

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