Embryo development in crosses between diploid and tetraploid cyclamen (Cyclamen persicum Mill.)

Takejiro Takamura, Ikuo Miyajima

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pollen tube growth and the development of zygotic embryos in reciprocal crosses between diploid and tetraploid cyclamen cultivars (Cyclamen persicum) were observed to understand why few seeds formed and no triploid progenies resulted from the crosses. In all cross combinations, many pollen tubes entered the ovules within 4 days after pollination. These results suggest that the difficulty in obtaining seeds in cyclamen crosses between diploid and tetraploid was not attributable to the lack of pollen tube growth. The degeneration of zygotic embryos was observed approximately 5 weeks after pollination (WAP) in 2x x 4x and 4x x 2x crosses. In 2x x 4x, the degeneration of embryos was observed in most of the ovules 9 WAP, although about 20 % of ovules had globular embryos 7 WAP. No globular embryo was observed in 4x x 2x using diploid. 'Pure White' having no giant pollen grains. On the other hand, a few matured embryos, which seemed to exhibit tetraploidy, were observed in 4x x 2x using diploid. 'Pure White' having giant pollen grains. These results suggest that the difficulty in obtaining seeds, triploid seeds in particular, in reciprocal crosses between diploid and tetraploid cyclamen cultivars was due to the degeneration of zygotic embryos. The endosperm did not become cellular but was observed to degenerate in most of the ovules of 2x x 4x and 4x x 2x crosses. It is, therefore, suggested that the degeneration of zygotic embryos was caused by the defective endosperm or the lack of its development in the cyclamen crosses between diploid and tetraploid cultivars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-120
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science
Volume65
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture

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