Embryonic, larval and juvenile development of the catadromous roughskin sculpin, Trachidermus fasciatus, were described using eggs spawned in an aquarium. The eggs, measuring 1.98-2.21 mm in diameter, were light reddish-yellow and had many oil globules, 0.05-0.18 mm in diameter. Hatching occurred 30 days after spawning at 2.3-11.3°C. The newly-hatched larvae, measuring 6.9-7.3 mm BL, had a single oil globule, 9-10+25-26=34-36 myomeres and 6 or 7 large stellate melanophores dorsally along the gut. The yolk was almost resorbed, number of pectoral-fin rays attained 16-17, and two parietal, one nuchal and four preopercular spines were formed, 5 days after hatching, at 8.2-8.4 mm BL. The oil globule disappeared, and one supracleithral spine was formed, 11 days after hatching, at 8.9-9.5 mm BL. Notochord flexion began 15 days after hatching, at 9.7-10.3 mm BL. A posttemporal spine was formed 20 days after hatching, at 10.7-10.9 mm BL. The first dorsal fin spines (VII-VIII), second dorsal fin and anal fin rays (18-19, 16-18, respectively) appeared 23 days after hatching, at 12.0-13.7 mm BL. The pelvic fin spine and rays (I, 4) were formed and black bands on the head and sides of the body began to develop 27 days after hatching, at 13.8-15.8 mm BL. Newly-hatched larvae swam just below the surface in the aquaria. Preflexion larvae (8.9-9.5 mm BL), in which the oil globule had disappeared, swam in the middle layer, while juveniles (13.8-15.8 mm BL) began swimming on the bottom of the aquaria. Swimming behavior observed in the aquaria suggested that the fish started to change to a demersal existence at the juvenile stage.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics