Emergence of protoplanetary disks and successive formation of gaseous planets by gravitational instability

Shu Ichiro Inutsuka, Masahiro N. Machida, Tomoaki Matsumoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We use resistive magnetohydrodynamical (MHD) simulations with the nested grid technique to study the formation of protoplanetary disks around protostars from molecular cloud cores that provide the realistic environments for planet formation. We find that gaseous planetary-mass objects are formed in the early evolutionary phase by gravitational instability in regions that are decoupled from the magnetic field and surrounded by the injection points of the MHD outflows during the formation phase of protoplanetary disks. Magnetic decoupling enables massive disks to form and these are subject to gravitational instability, even at ∼10 AU. The frequent formation of planetary-mass objects in the disk suggests the possibility of constructing a hybrid planet formation scenario, where the rocky planets form later under the influence of the giant planets in the protoplanetary disk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L58-L62
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume718
Issue number2 PART 2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

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gravitational instability
protoplanetary disks
planets
planet
planetary mass
protostars
molecular clouds
outflow
decoupling
magnetic field
grids
injection
simulation
magnetic fields

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Emergence of protoplanetary disks and successive formation of gaseous planets by gravitational instability. / Inutsuka, Shu Ichiro; Machida, Masahiro N.; Matsumoto, Tomoaki.

In: Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 718, No. 2 PART 2, 01.08.2010, p. L58-L62.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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