思春期・青年期の自閉スペクトラム症者における共感の特性:自己注視的・他者注視的認知過程に焦点を当てて

Translated title of the contribution: Empathy in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Self-focused and Other-focused Cognitive Processes

松﨑 泰, 川住 隆一, 田中 真理

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) tend to have higher levels of discomfort (personal distress) while other people experience negative emotions. Further, personal distress is related to self-focused rather than other-focused cognitive processes. However, the characteristics of self-focused and other-focused cognitive processes among adolescents with ASD have not been clarified by previous research. The present study examined empathy in adolescents with ASD, focusing on their self-focused and other-focused cognitive processes. Fifteen adolescents with ASD and 577 typically developing adolescent males were presented with 3 pictures, of a person who felt fear, sad, and anger, and they were asked to express their thoughts (open response), and to evaluate whether their thoughts were self-focused or other-focused (choice response). The results showed no group differences in open responses; however, on the choice response task adolescents with ASD had a higher tendency to rate their thoughts as self-focused than did the typically developing adolescents, for the picture depicting fear. These findings suggest that people with ASD may have had many fearful experiences, which relates to excessively self-focused cognitive process when they perceive a person who feels fear.
Translated title of the contributionEmpathy in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Self-focused and Other-focused Cognitive Processes
Original languageJapanese
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
Journal発達心理学研究
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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