Endothelial function testing before conditioning therapy is useful for predicting transplant-related complications after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation

Shojiro Haji, Motoaki Shiratsuchi, Akiko Takamatsu, Mariko Tsuda, Hiroki Muta, Toru Masuda, Yasuhiro Nakashima, Yoshihiro Ogawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a useful tool for the treatment of hematologic malignancies. However, transplantation-related complications are the main cause of non-relapse mortality. Previous reports suggest that endothelial damage is related to early complications after HSCT. Non-invasive reactive hyperemia peripheral arterial tonometry (RH-PAT) was performed to evaluate endothelial function as a predictive marker for these complications. Methods: The reactive hyperemia index (RHI) obtained from RH-PAT was evaluated before the conditioning regimen. The relationship between the RHI and the appearance of engraftment syndrome, thrombotic microangiopathy, and acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) was assessed. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that an RHI value of 1.58 was the optimal cut-off for predicting transplantation-related complications. Results: In total, 49 patients (22 acute myelogenous leukemia, 7 acute lymphocytic leukemia, 6 myelodysplastic syndrome, 6 adult T-cell leukemia, 6 non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and 2 others) were enrolled; 34 had a normal RHI (≥ 1.59), and 15 had an abnormally low RHI (≤ 1.58). Thrombotic microangiopathy (20.2% vs 0.0%, P = 0.025) and aGVHD (80.0% vs 41.2%, P = 0.015) were significantly more frequent in patients with a low RHI. Conclusion: Endothelial dysfunction assessed by RH-PAT before HSCT was able to predict transplantation-related complications.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational journal of hematology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology

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