Recent results of energetic ion driven MHD instabilities observed in the heliotron/torsatron devices Compact Helical System (CHS) and Large Helical Device (LHD) are presented. Alfven eigenmodes (AEs) and fishbone-like burst modes (FBs) destabilized by energetic ions were observed in NBI heated plasmas of CHS. The AEs are toroidicity induced Alfven eigenmodes (TAEs) and global Alfven eigenmodes (GAEs), where the identified toroidal mode numbers are n = 1 and 2 for TAEs and n = 0 for GAEs. The frequencies of the FBs are less than, at most, half of the minimum TAE gap frequency and do not exhibit the obvious density dependence related to Alfven velocity. The modes have characteristic features of the energetic particle modes or the resonant TAEs excited by circulating energetic beam ions produced by NBI. Bursting amplitude modulation is observed in TAEs as well as in FBs. Rapid frequency chirping is observed in each burst, by a factor of 2-6 in FBs and about 25% in TAEs. In several shots, the power spectrum of the TAEs is split into multiple peaks having the same toroidal mode number through non-linear evolution of TAEs. A pulsed increase in energetic ion loss towards the wall is induced by m = 3/n = 2 FBs, but so far not by m = 2/n = 1 FBs, TAEs and GAEs, where m is the poloidal mode number. This research has been extended to LHD plasmas heated by neutral hydrogen beams with about 130 keV energy. Similar to CHS, TAEs and FBs were observed in relatively low density plasmas at low toroidal magnetic field (Bt = 1.5 T).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics