Energy cost and lower leg muscle activities during erect bipedal locomotion under hyperoxia

Daijiro Abe, Yoshiyuki Fukuoka, Takafumi Maeda, Masahiro Horiuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Energy cost of transport per unit distance (CoT) against speed shows U-shaped fashion in walking and linear fashion in running, indicating that there exists a specific walking speed minimizing the CoT, being defined as economical speed (ES). Another specific gait speed is the intersection speed between both fashions, being called energetically optimal transition speed (EOTS). We measured the ES, EOTS, and muscle activities during walking and running at the EOTS under hyperoxia (40% fraction of inspired oxygen) on the level and uphill gradients (+ 5%).

METHODS: Oxygen consumption [Formula: see text] and carbon dioxide output [Formula: see text] were measured to calculate the CoT values at eight walking speeds (2.4-7.3 km h-1) and four running speeds (7.3-9.4 km h- 1) in 17 young males. Electromyography was recorded from gastrocnemius medialis, gastrocnemius lateralis (GL), and tibialis anterior (TA) to evaluate muscle activities. Mean power frequency (MPF) was obtained to compare motor unit recruitment patterns between walking and running.

RESULTS: [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], and CoT values were lower under hyperoxia than normoxia at faster walking speeds and any running speeds. A faster ES on the uphill gradient and slower EOTS on both gradients were observed under hyperoxia than normoxia. GL and TA activities became lower when switching from walking to running at the EOTS under both FiO2 conditions on both gradients, so did the MPF in the TA.

CONCLUSIONS: ES and EOTS were influenced by reduced metabolic demands induced by hyperoxia. GL and TA activities in association with a lower shift of motor unit recruitment patterns in the TA would be related to the gait selection when walking or running at the EOTS.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: UMIN000017690 ( R000020501 ). Registered May 26, 2015, before the first trial.

Original languageEnglish
Article number18
JournalJournal of Physiological Anthropology
Volume37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 19 2018

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Hyperoxia
Locomotion
Running
Muscle
Leg
energy
Costs and Cost Analysis
Walking
Muscles
costs
Costs
Neurophysiological Recruitment
Electromyography
Gait
Carbon Dioxide
Oxygen Consumption
Oxygen
Walking Speed

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Physiology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Anthropology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Energy cost and lower leg muscle activities during erect bipedal locomotion under hyperoxia. / Abe, Daijiro; Fukuoka, Yoshiyuki; Maeda, Takafumi; Horiuchi, Masahiro.

In: Journal of Physiological Anthropology, Vol. 37, 18, 19.06.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "BACKGROUND: Energy cost of transport per unit distance (CoT) against speed shows U-shaped fashion in walking and linear fashion in running, indicating that there exists a specific walking speed minimizing the CoT, being defined as economical speed (ES). Another specific gait speed is the intersection speed between both fashions, being called energetically optimal transition speed (EOTS). We measured the ES, EOTS, and muscle activities during walking and running at the EOTS under hyperoxia (40{\%} fraction of inspired oxygen) on the level and uphill gradients (+ 5{\%}).METHODS: Oxygen consumption [Formula: see text] and carbon dioxide output [Formula: see text] were measured to calculate the CoT values at eight walking speeds (2.4-7.3 km h-1) and four running speeds (7.3-9.4 km h- 1) in 17 young males. Electromyography was recorded from gastrocnemius medialis, gastrocnemius lateralis (GL), and tibialis anterior (TA) to evaluate muscle activities. Mean power frequency (MPF) was obtained to compare motor unit recruitment patterns between walking and running.RESULTS: [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], and CoT values were lower under hyperoxia than normoxia at faster walking speeds and any running speeds. A faster ES on the uphill gradient and slower EOTS on both gradients were observed under hyperoxia than normoxia. GL and TA activities became lower when switching from walking to running at the EOTS under both FiO2 conditions on both gradients, so did the MPF in the TA.CONCLUSIONS: ES and EOTS were influenced by reduced metabolic demands induced by hyperoxia. GL and TA activities in association with a lower shift of motor unit recruitment patterns in the TA would be related to the gait selection when walking or running at the EOTS.TRIAL REGISTRATION: UMIN000017690 ( R000020501 ). Registered May 26, 2015, before the first trial.",
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