Energy transition, poverty and inequality in Vietnam

Trung Thanh Nguyen, Thanh Tung Nguyen, Viet Ngu Hoang, Clevo Wilson, Shunsuke Managi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper investigates energy transition, energy poverty and energy inequality in Vietnam employing a longitudinal dataset of a nationally representative household survey. We use the data on residential energy expenditure of more than 9,000 households over the period 2004–2016. We find a transition from traditional energy to modern energy but this transition varies across regions, between ethnic and welfare groups and between rural and urban population. The poor and ethnic minority households still rely heavily on traditional energy sources such as coal and biomass to meet their energy demands. Electricity poverty has decreased but energy-cost poverty has increased. In addition, energy inequality tends to decrease at a more significant rate than income and consumption inequalities. We propose a national program for energy poverty alleviation be established to devise policies to lower households’ energy costs. Further assistance to the poor and ethnic minority households is also recommended so that they can afford a higher level of electricity consumption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)536-548
Number of pages13
JournalEnergy Policy
Volume132
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2019

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poverty
Electricity
energy
Costs
Biomass
Coal
ethnic minority
residential energy
household energy
poverty alleviation
household survey
rural population
urban population
cost
expenditure
electricity
income
coal
Energy Metabolism
biomass

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy(all)
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Energy transition, poverty and inequality in Vietnam. / Nguyen, Trung Thanh; Nguyen, Thanh Tung; Hoang, Viet Ngu; Wilson, Clevo; Managi, Shunsuke.

In: Energy Policy, Vol. 132, 01.09.2019, p. 536-548.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nguyen, TT, Nguyen, TT, Hoang, VN, Wilson, C & Managi, S 2019, 'Energy transition, poverty and inequality in Vietnam', Energy Policy, vol. 132, pp. 536-548. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2019.06.001
Nguyen, Trung Thanh ; Nguyen, Thanh Tung ; Hoang, Viet Ngu ; Wilson, Clevo ; Managi, Shunsuke. / Energy transition, poverty and inequality in Vietnam. In: Energy Policy. 2019 ; Vol. 132. pp. 536-548.
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