The Japanese Dermatological Association established an advisory committee in 1995 to set up severity scoring systems for atopic dermatitis (AD). Its interim report was published in Japanese in the Japanese Journal of Dermatology (108: 1491-1496, 1998) by Chairman Hikotaro Yoshida. Because of the strong demand for an English version, we have decided to publish the report in English. This prospective study was designed to evaluate the status of 259 AD patients using Method 1, which involves a simple global evaluation of disease severity; Method 2, which involves global evaluation by summing severity scores obtained from five body regions (i.e. the head and neck, anterior and posterior trunks, and upper and lower limbs); Method 3, which consists of both assessment of the extent of involved areas at each of the five body regions and that of the severity scores of each eruption component observed in the most severely affected body region; and Method 4, which consists of the evaluation of only subjective components (daytime pruritus and sleep disturbance). Employing the results obtained with Method 1 as a tentative benchmark, we analyzed its correlation with those of Methods 2, 3 and 4 to statistically assess the validity and reliability of these methods. Method 2, Method 3 and the portion of Method 4 involving evaluation of only the subjective symptom of daytime pruritus but not the sleep disturbance were considered useful in evaluating AD severity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes