A method to enhance crystal nucleation at controlled sites in solid-phase crystallization of amorphous Si is demonstrated. The method uses imprint with Ni-coated Si tips prior to conventional furnace annealing of amorphous Si films deposited on SiO2 substrates. The incubation time for crystallization is found to be greatly reduced at sites imprinted with the tips. This enhanced nucleation can be used to form large crystal grains up to about 7 μm in diameter at controlled sites. Results obtained from imprint with SiO2-covered Si tips suggest that the enhanced nucleation results not from physical effects of indentation but from a chemical effect of metal transfered from the tip to the film surface.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)