ES-1 cells, which showed a higher sensitivity to the cytocidal action of estradiol were isolated from a human breast cancer MCF-7 cell line. Growth of ES-1 cells was inhibited by a dose of 17-β estradiol that stimulated the growth of the parental MCF-7 cells. Proteins secreted from MCF-7 and ES-1 cells when cultured with 17-β estradiol were compared by sodium dodecyl sulfate-containing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Addition of estradiol to culture medium enhanced secretion of a protein of molecular mass of 52 kDa in media for both MCF-7 and ES-1 cell lines, but the secretion of a second 67 kDa protein was enhanced about 10-fold only in ES-1 cells. The analysis by SDS-PAGE of culture medium immunoprecipitated with anti-tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) antibody demonstrated that the band of 67 kDa protein specifically secreted from estradiol-treated ES-1 cells contained t-PA. Zymography assays, quantitative immunoreactive assays, and Northern analysis showed about 5-fold specific increase by estradiol of t-PA with molecular mass of 65-70 kDa in ES-1 but not in its parental MCF-7 cells. Cellular level of the plasminogen activity was also specifically enhanced in ES-1 cells by estradiol, but only a slightly in MCF-7 cells. By contrast, another urokinase-type PA (u-PA) with molecular weight of 55 kDa showed very low level activity in both MCF-7 and ES-1 cell lines in the presence of estradiol. Formation of t-PA mRNA was specifically enhanced in ES-1 cells when ES-1 cells were treated for more than 12 h with 10-8 M 17-β estradiol. Estradiol did not elongate the lifetime of t-PA mRNA in ES-1 cells. A unique phenotype of ES-1 cells in response to estradiol is discussed in relation to activating expression of the t-PA gene.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology