Taurine is known to function as a protectant against various stresses in animal cells. In order to utilize taurine as a compatible solute for stress tolerance of yeast, isolation of cDNA clones for genes encoding enzymes involved in biosynthesis of taurine was attempted. Two types of cDNA clones corresponding to genes encoding cysteine dioxygenase (CDO1 and CDO2) and a cDNA clone for cysteine sulfinate decarboxylase (CSD) were isolated from Cyprinus carpio. Deduced amino acid sequences of the two CDOs and that of CSD showed high similarity to those of CDOs and those of CSDs from other organisms, respectively. The coding regions of CDO1, CDO2, and CSD were subcloned into an expression vector, pESC-TRP, for Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Furthermore, to enhance the efficiency of synthesis of taurine in S. cerevisiae, a CDO-CSD fusion was designed and expressed. Expression of CDO and CSD proteins, or the CDO-CSD fusion protein was confirmed by Western blot analysis. HPLC analysis showed that the expression of the proteins led to enhancement of the accumulation level of hypotaurine, a precursor of taurine, rather than taurine. The yeast cells expressing corresponding genes showed tolerance to oxidative stress induced by menadione, but not to freezing-thawing stress.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Organic Chemistry