The present study was designed to investigate whether the formation of octacalcium phosphate (OCP) is accelerated on titanium (Ti) surface by an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma oxidation at various pressures and temperatures. X-ray diffraction (XRD) of Ti-oxidized substrates showed that the rutile TiO2 phase on its surfaces appeared at 300°C and was crystallized when the oxidation temperature increased up to 600°C. The thickness of TiO2 film on the substrates increased progressively as the temperature increased. The oxidized Ti surfaces were soaked in calcium and phosphate solutions supersaturated with respect to both hydroxyapatite (HA) and OCP but slightly supersaturated with dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD). OCP crystals with a blade-like morphology were deposited as the primary crystalline phase on Ti substrates, while DCPD was included as a minor constituent. The amount of OCP deposition was maximized under 0.015 Pa in 300°C. On the other hand, the oxidation temperature did not show a significant effect on the deposit in the range examined. The phase conversion from OCP to HA, determined by XRD, was demonstrated to occur even at 1 day and to advance until 7 days by immersing the Ti substrate with the deposit in simulated body fluid at 37°C. The present results suggest that ECR plasma oxidation could be used to improve a Ti surface regarding its bioactivity due to the enhancement of osteoconductive OCP deposition.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials|
|Publication status||Published - May 1 2010|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering