Porous boron nitride (BN) was synthesized using a pyrolysis method in conjunction with varying NH3 flow rates, followed by washing as a post-treatment. The performance of this material as a solid base catalyst was assessed. It was found that the post-treatment rather than the synthesis conditions significantly improved the activity of the BN during the nitroaldol reaction. The BN catalyst obtained after washing gave a ten times higher product yield. Both an increase in the surface areas of the material and the emergence of micropores after washing were observed. 11B solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy demonstrated that boron oxide species were present in the BN after synthesis but were removed by the washing process. B K-edge X-ray absorption fine structure analyses indicated the formation of oxygen-substituted trigonal boron sites on the BN surface. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy showed that amino groups on the samples functioned as moderately strong basic sites.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Process Chemistry and Technology