Enhancement of tuberous root production and adenosine 5'-diphosphate pyrophosphorylase (AGPase) activity in sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas Lam.) by exogenous injection of sucrose solution

M. Tsubone, F. Kubota, Kazuyuki Saitou, M. Kadowaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adenosine 5'-diphosphate pyrophosphorylase (AGPase) is a key enzyme governing starch synthesis and is regarded as an important determinant of the sink activity of the sweet potato root. In this study, assuming that the expression of AGPase is under the direct or indirect control of sucrose, we investigated the effect of exogenous injection of sucrose solution into a plant on the activity of AGPase and tuberous root production. Sucrose solutions of 6 and 12 %, and distilled water as the control, were injected into the top of the shoot. The application of sucrose solution was effective in increasing tuberous root production and increasing the ratio of tuberous root weight to total root weight in a plant. AGPase activity in roots was enhanced by about 25 % by injecting sucrose solution. These results suggest that AGPase and sink activities are controlled by sucrose transported from the leaves. To increase sweet potato production effectively, AGPase activity and sink function must be enhanced, and so a genetic and physiological improvement in photosynthetic function or sucrose productivity in the leaves is necessary to increase AGPase activity in sink organs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-186
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Agronomy and Crop Science
Volume184
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2000

Fingerprint

adenosine diphosphate
Ipomoea batatas
sweet potatoes
sucrose
injection
leaves
starch
synthesis
shoots
enzymes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

@article{9d417b85fbde4a91addc7d68854495b4,
title = "Enhancement of tuberous root production and adenosine 5'-diphosphate pyrophosphorylase (AGPase) activity in sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas Lam.) by exogenous injection of sucrose solution",
abstract = "Adenosine 5'-diphosphate pyrophosphorylase (AGPase) is a key enzyme governing starch synthesis and is regarded as an important determinant of the sink activity of the sweet potato root. In this study, assuming that the expression of AGPase is under the direct or indirect control of sucrose, we investigated the effect of exogenous injection of sucrose solution into a plant on the activity of AGPase and tuberous root production. Sucrose solutions of 6 and 12 {\%}, and distilled water as the control, were injected into the top of the shoot. The application of sucrose solution was effective in increasing tuberous root production and increasing the ratio of tuberous root weight to total root weight in a plant. AGPase activity in roots was enhanced by about 25 {\%} by injecting sucrose solution. These results suggest that AGPase and sink activities are controlled by sucrose transported from the leaves. To increase sweet potato production effectively, AGPase activity and sink function must be enhanced, and so a genetic and physiological improvement in photosynthetic function or sucrose productivity in the leaves is necessary to increase AGPase activity in sink organs.",
author = "M. Tsubone and F. Kubota and Kazuyuki Saitou and M. Kadowaki",
year = "2000",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1046/j.1439-037X.2000.00396.x",
language = "English",
volume = "184",
pages = "181--186",
journal = "Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science",
issn = "0931-2250",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Enhancement of tuberous root production and adenosine 5'-diphosphate pyrophosphorylase (AGPase) activity in sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas Lam.) by exogenous injection of sucrose solution

AU - Tsubone, M.

AU - Kubota, F.

AU - Saitou, Kazuyuki

AU - Kadowaki, M.

PY - 2000/5

Y1 - 2000/5

N2 - Adenosine 5'-diphosphate pyrophosphorylase (AGPase) is a key enzyme governing starch synthesis and is regarded as an important determinant of the sink activity of the sweet potato root. In this study, assuming that the expression of AGPase is under the direct or indirect control of sucrose, we investigated the effect of exogenous injection of sucrose solution into a plant on the activity of AGPase and tuberous root production. Sucrose solutions of 6 and 12 %, and distilled water as the control, were injected into the top of the shoot. The application of sucrose solution was effective in increasing tuberous root production and increasing the ratio of tuberous root weight to total root weight in a plant. AGPase activity in roots was enhanced by about 25 % by injecting sucrose solution. These results suggest that AGPase and sink activities are controlled by sucrose transported from the leaves. To increase sweet potato production effectively, AGPase activity and sink function must be enhanced, and so a genetic and physiological improvement in photosynthetic function or sucrose productivity in the leaves is necessary to increase AGPase activity in sink organs.

AB - Adenosine 5'-diphosphate pyrophosphorylase (AGPase) is a key enzyme governing starch synthesis and is regarded as an important determinant of the sink activity of the sweet potato root. In this study, assuming that the expression of AGPase is under the direct or indirect control of sucrose, we investigated the effect of exogenous injection of sucrose solution into a plant on the activity of AGPase and tuberous root production. Sucrose solutions of 6 and 12 %, and distilled water as the control, were injected into the top of the shoot. The application of sucrose solution was effective in increasing tuberous root production and increasing the ratio of tuberous root weight to total root weight in a plant. AGPase activity in roots was enhanced by about 25 % by injecting sucrose solution. These results suggest that AGPase and sink activities are controlled by sucrose transported from the leaves. To increase sweet potato production effectively, AGPase activity and sink function must be enhanced, and so a genetic and physiological improvement in photosynthetic function or sucrose productivity in the leaves is necessary to increase AGPase activity in sink organs.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034083267&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034083267&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1046/j.1439-037X.2000.00396.x

DO - 10.1046/j.1439-037X.2000.00396.x

M3 - Article

VL - 184

SP - 181

EP - 186

JO - Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science

JF - Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science

SN - 0931-2250

IS - 3

ER -