H2 is regarded to play a crucial role in the transition from a fossil fuel-based energy economy towards an environmentally friendly one. However, storage of H2 is still challenging, but palladium (Pd) based materials show exciting properties. Therefore, nanoparticulate Pd has been intensely studied for hydrogen storage in the past years. Here, we stabilize Pd nanoparticles by intercalation between inorganic nanosheets of hectorite (NaHec). Compared to nanoparticles stabilized by the polymer polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), the H2 storage capacity was found to be 86 % higher for identical Pd nanoparticles being intercalated between nanosheets. We attribute this remarkably enhanced H2 storage capacity to the partial oxidation of Pd, as evidenced by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The higher amount of holes in the 4d band leads to a higher amount of H2 that can be absorbed when Pd is stabilized between the nanosheets of hectorite compared to the PVP stabilized nanoparticles.
|Journal||Zeitschrift fur Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie|
|Publication status||Published - May 25 2022|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Inorganic Chemistry