Enterococcus faecium QU 50: A novel thermophilic lactic acid bacterium for high-yield l-lactic acid production from xylose

Mohamed Ali Abdel-Rahman, Yukihiro Tashiro, Takeshi Zendo, Kenji Sakai, Kenji Sonomoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Production of optically pure lactic acid from lignocellulosic material for commercial purposes is hampered by several difficulties, including heterofermentation of pentose sugars and high energy consumption by mesophilic lactic acid bacteria. Here, we report a novel lactic acid bacterium, strain QU 50, that has the potential to produce optically pure l-lactic acid (≥99.2%) in a homofermentative manner from xylose under thermophilic conditions. Strain QU 50 was isolated from Egyptian fertile soil and identified as Enterococcus faecium QU 50 by analyzing its sugar fermentation pattern and 16S rRNA gene sequence. Enterococcus faecium QU 50 fermented xylose efficiently to produce lactic acid over wide pH (6.0-10.0) and temperature ranges (30-52°C), with a pH of 6.5 and temperature of 50°C being optimal. To our knowledge, this is the first report of homofermentative lactic acid production from xylose by a thermophilic lactic acid bacterium.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberfnu030
JournalFEMS microbiology letters
Volume362
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

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Enterococcus faecium
Xylose
Lactic Acid
Bacteria
Pentoses
Temperature
rRNA Genes
Fermentation
Soil

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Enterococcus faecium QU 50 : A novel thermophilic lactic acid bacterium for high-yield l-lactic acid production from xylose. / Abdel-Rahman, Mohamed Ali; Tashiro, Yukihiro; Zendo, Takeshi; Sakai, Kenji; Sonomoto, Kenji.

In: FEMS microbiology letters, Vol. 362, No. 2, fnu030, 01.01.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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