Environment and productivities in developed and developing countries: The case of carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide

Surender Kumar, Shunsuke Managi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)


We propose a productivity index for undesirable outputs such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions and measure it using data from 51 developed and developing countries over the period 1971-2000. About half of the countries exhibit the productivity growth. The changes in the productivity index are linked with their respective per capita income using a semi-parametric model. Our results show technological catch up of low-income countries. However, overall productivities both of SO2 and CO2 show somewhat different results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1580-1592
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2010
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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