Environmental analysis of aerial O2 transport through leaves for root respiration in relation to water uptake in cucumber plants (Cucumis sativus L.) in O2-deficient nutrient solution

S. Yoshida, H. Eguchi

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aerial O2 transport through leaves for root respiration was examined in relation to water uptake in cucumber plants (Cucumis sativus L.) by using an airtight hydroponic system and by 18O2 tracing. Root respiration clearly responded to aerial O2 to which, in darkness, the leaves were exposed. Root respiration in an O2-deficient nutrient solution increased with a higher aerial O2 concentration and decreased with a lower aerial O2 concentration. Water uptake was promoted in darkness with aerial O2, and appeared simultaneous in dynamics with root respiration. For tracing aerial O2 transport through leaves for root respiration, leaves were exposed to aerial 18O2, and H2 18O produced by respiration in roots was analysed. A significant differ ence In 18O2 isotopic abundance in roots was noted between 18 and untreated plants at the 1% level. On the other hand, no aerenchyma was present in the cortex of cucumber roots. From these facts, we conclude that aerial O2 can be transported through leaves and gas-filled intercellular spaces among cells for root respiration in cucumber plants grown in an O2 root environment, and this results in improvement of water uptake in darkness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-192
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Experimental Botany
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 1994

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Cucumis sativus
environmental assessment
water uptake
cucumbers
breathing
nutrient solutions
Respiration
Water
Darkness
leaves
Hydroponics
Cell Respiration
Extracellular Space
Gases
intercellular spaces
cell respiration
hydroponics
cortex
gases

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

Cite this

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title = "Environmental analysis of aerial O2 transport through leaves for root respiration in relation to water uptake in cucumber plants (Cucumis sativus L.) in O2-deficient nutrient solution",
abstract = "Aerial O2 transport through leaves for root respiration was examined in relation to water uptake in cucumber plants (Cucumis sativus L.) by using an airtight hydroponic system and by 18O2 tracing. Root respiration clearly responded to aerial O2 to which, in darkness, the leaves were exposed. Root respiration in an O2-deficient nutrient solution increased with a higher aerial O2 concentration and decreased with a lower aerial O2 concentration. Water uptake was promoted in darkness with aerial O2, and appeared simultaneous in dynamics with root respiration. For tracing aerial O2 transport through leaves for root respiration, leaves were exposed to aerial 18O2, and H2 18O produced by respiration in roots was analysed. A significant differ ence In 18O2 isotopic abundance in roots was noted between 18 and untreated plants at the 1{\%} level. On the other hand, no aerenchyma was present in the cortex of cucumber roots. From these facts, we conclude that aerial O2 can be transported through leaves and gas-filled intercellular spaces among cells for root respiration in cucumber plants grown in an O2 root environment, and this results in improvement of water uptake in darkness.",
author = "S. Yoshida and H. Eguchi",
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AU - Eguchi, H.

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N2 - Aerial O2 transport through leaves for root respiration was examined in relation to water uptake in cucumber plants (Cucumis sativus L.) by using an airtight hydroponic system and by 18O2 tracing. Root respiration clearly responded to aerial O2 to which, in darkness, the leaves were exposed. Root respiration in an O2-deficient nutrient solution increased with a higher aerial O2 concentration and decreased with a lower aerial O2 concentration. Water uptake was promoted in darkness with aerial O2, and appeared simultaneous in dynamics with root respiration. For tracing aerial O2 transport through leaves for root respiration, leaves were exposed to aerial 18O2, and H2 18O produced by respiration in roots was analysed. A significant differ ence In 18O2 isotopic abundance in roots was noted between 18 and untreated plants at the 1% level. On the other hand, no aerenchyma was present in the cortex of cucumber roots. From these facts, we conclude that aerial O2 can be transported through leaves and gas-filled intercellular spaces among cells for root respiration in cucumber plants grown in an O2 root environment, and this results in improvement of water uptake in darkness.

AB - Aerial O2 transport through leaves for root respiration was examined in relation to water uptake in cucumber plants (Cucumis sativus L.) by using an airtight hydroponic system and by 18O2 tracing. Root respiration clearly responded to aerial O2 to which, in darkness, the leaves were exposed. Root respiration in an O2-deficient nutrient solution increased with a higher aerial O2 concentration and decreased with a lower aerial O2 concentration. Water uptake was promoted in darkness with aerial O2, and appeared simultaneous in dynamics with root respiration. For tracing aerial O2 transport through leaves for root respiration, leaves were exposed to aerial 18O2, and H2 18O produced by respiration in roots was analysed. A significant differ ence In 18O2 isotopic abundance in roots was noted between 18 and untreated plants at the 1% level. On the other hand, no aerenchyma was present in the cortex of cucumber roots. From these facts, we conclude that aerial O2 can be transported through leaves and gas-filled intercellular spaces among cells for root respiration in cucumber plants grown in an O2 root environment, and this results in improvement of water uptake in darkness.

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