Environmental factors influencing the load of long-range transported air pollutants on Pinus amamiana in Yakushima Island, Japan

Atsushi Kume, Osamu Nagafuchi, Suguru Akune, Nobutake Nakatani, Masaaki Chiwa, Kenshi Tetsuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With the industrialization in East Asia, greater amounts of ozone and acidic aerosols are transported to Japan. Yakushima Island (30°20′N, 130°31′E) is affected directly by long-range transboundary air pollution from the continent because there are no industrial areas and sources of pollution between the continent and the island. Recently, there has been a significant decline of Pinus amamiana in the island and the actual condition of air pollution was investigated. A significant amount of air pollutants were detected in winter. The daily mean tropospheric O3 concentration was nearly 100 ppb in winter. A large amount of non-sea salt sulfate (nss-SO4 2-) was deposited on the needle surfaces in the northwest part of the island and dry deposition rates of SO4 2- were remarkably higher in February than in November. About half of the increase in SO4 2- was nss-SO4 2- and the rate in February was over four to five times as high as that in November. The load of dry deposition on the crown of trees was strongly influenced by the topographic position of the slope. The amount of deposited SO4 2- was larger on trees growing on ridges and the tendency of P. amamiana to grow on ridges where it sticks out over 20 m enhances the load of dry deposition and O3 on the needle surfaces. The potassium leakage and ethylene emission from needles were remarkably increased and the needle mass per area decreased from November to February. It was suggested that the additional input of nss-SO4 2- acidifies the needle surface and accelerates leaf surface deterioration and leaching from needles and soils.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-243
Number of pages11
JournalEcological Research
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2010

Fingerprint

dry deposition
environmental factor
pollutants
Japan
air
environmental factors
air pollution
atmospheric pollution
transboundary pollution
winter
industrialization
aerosols
East Asia
ozone
ethylene production
ethylene
tree crown
leakage
leaching
sulfates

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Environmental factors influencing the load of long-range transported air pollutants on Pinus amamiana in Yakushima Island, Japan. / Kume, Atsushi; Nagafuchi, Osamu; Akune, Suguru; Nakatani, Nobutake; Chiwa, Masaaki; Tetsuka, Kenshi.

In: Ecological Research, Vol. 25, No. 1, 01.01.2010, p. 233-243.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kume, Atsushi ; Nagafuchi, Osamu ; Akune, Suguru ; Nakatani, Nobutake ; Chiwa, Masaaki ; Tetsuka, Kenshi. / Environmental factors influencing the load of long-range transported air pollutants on Pinus amamiana in Yakushima Island, Japan. In: Ecological Research. 2010 ; Vol. 25, No. 1. pp. 233-243.
@article{c1c9b1cca07c4a7fb568b3769523c70d,
title = "Environmental factors influencing the load of long-range transported air pollutants on Pinus amamiana in Yakushima Island, Japan",
abstract = "With the industrialization in East Asia, greater amounts of ozone and acidic aerosols are transported to Japan. Yakushima Island (30°20′N, 130°31′E) is affected directly by long-range transboundary air pollution from the continent because there are no industrial areas and sources of pollution between the continent and the island. Recently, there has been a significant decline of Pinus amamiana in the island and the actual condition of air pollution was investigated. A significant amount of air pollutants were detected in winter. The daily mean tropospheric O3 concentration was nearly 100 ppb in winter. A large amount of non-sea salt sulfate (nss-SO4 2-) was deposited on the needle surfaces in the northwest part of the island and dry deposition rates of SO4 2- were remarkably higher in February than in November. About half of the increase in SO4 2- was nss-SO4 2- and the rate in February was over four to five times as high as that in November. The load of dry deposition on the crown of trees was strongly influenced by the topographic position of the slope. The amount of deposited SO4 2- was larger on trees growing on ridges and the tendency of P. amamiana to grow on ridges where it sticks out over 20 m enhances the load of dry deposition and O3 on the needle surfaces. The potassium leakage and ethylene emission from needles were remarkably increased and the needle mass per area decreased from November to February. It was suggested that the additional input of nss-SO4 2- acidifies the needle surface and accelerates leaf surface deterioration and leaching from needles and soils.",
author = "Atsushi Kume and Osamu Nagafuchi and Suguru Akune and Nobutake Nakatani and Masaaki Chiwa and Kenshi Tetsuka",
year = "2010",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11284-009-0647-9",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "233--243",
journal = "Ecological Research",
issn = "0912-3814",
publisher = "Springer Japan",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Environmental factors influencing the load of long-range transported air pollutants on Pinus amamiana in Yakushima Island, Japan

AU - Kume, Atsushi

AU - Nagafuchi, Osamu

AU - Akune, Suguru

AU - Nakatani, Nobutake

AU - Chiwa, Masaaki

AU - Tetsuka, Kenshi

PY - 2010/1/1

Y1 - 2010/1/1

N2 - With the industrialization in East Asia, greater amounts of ozone and acidic aerosols are transported to Japan. Yakushima Island (30°20′N, 130°31′E) is affected directly by long-range transboundary air pollution from the continent because there are no industrial areas and sources of pollution between the continent and the island. Recently, there has been a significant decline of Pinus amamiana in the island and the actual condition of air pollution was investigated. A significant amount of air pollutants were detected in winter. The daily mean tropospheric O3 concentration was nearly 100 ppb in winter. A large amount of non-sea salt sulfate (nss-SO4 2-) was deposited on the needle surfaces in the northwest part of the island and dry deposition rates of SO4 2- were remarkably higher in February than in November. About half of the increase in SO4 2- was nss-SO4 2- and the rate in February was over four to five times as high as that in November. The load of dry deposition on the crown of trees was strongly influenced by the topographic position of the slope. The amount of deposited SO4 2- was larger on trees growing on ridges and the tendency of P. amamiana to grow on ridges where it sticks out over 20 m enhances the load of dry deposition and O3 on the needle surfaces. The potassium leakage and ethylene emission from needles were remarkably increased and the needle mass per area decreased from November to February. It was suggested that the additional input of nss-SO4 2- acidifies the needle surface and accelerates leaf surface deterioration and leaching from needles and soils.

AB - With the industrialization in East Asia, greater amounts of ozone and acidic aerosols are transported to Japan. Yakushima Island (30°20′N, 130°31′E) is affected directly by long-range transboundary air pollution from the continent because there are no industrial areas and sources of pollution between the continent and the island. Recently, there has been a significant decline of Pinus amamiana in the island and the actual condition of air pollution was investigated. A significant amount of air pollutants were detected in winter. The daily mean tropospheric O3 concentration was nearly 100 ppb in winter. A large amount of non-sea salt sulfate (nss-SO4 2-) was deposited on the needle surfaces in the northwest part of the island and dry deposition rates of SO4 2- were remarkably higher in February than in November. About half of the increase in SO4 2- was nss-SO4 2- and the rate in February was over four to five times as high as that in November. The load of dry deposition on the crown of trees was strongly influenced by the topographic position of the slope. The amount of deposited SO4 2- was larger on trees growing on ridges and the tendency of P. amamiana to grow on ridges where it sticks out over 20 m enhances the load of dry deposition and O3 on the needle surfaces. The potassium leakage and ethylene emission from needles were remarkably increased and the needle mass per area decreased from November to February. It was suggested that the additional input of nss-SO4 2- acidifies the needle surface and accelerates leaf surface deterioration and leaching from needles and soils.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77951092420&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77951092420&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11284-009-0647-9

DO - 10.1007/s11284-009-0647-9

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:77951092420

VL - 25

SP - 233

EP - 243

JO - Ecological Research

JF - Ecological Research

SN - 0912-3814

IS - 1

ER -