Glutaric acidemia type 1 (GA1) is usually diagnosed with an accumulation of glutaric acid (GA) or 3-hydroxyglutaric acid by GC/MS. In some cases, however, excretion of GA is low. We investigated enzymatic evaluation of GA1 using fibroblasts and MS/MS. After loading substrates, lysine, 2-aminoadipate (2AA), or GA, in fibroblasts, and incubating for 96 h, glutarylcarnitine (C5DC) levels in the media were measured. A significant increase of C5DC was observed in GA1 patients, irrespective of substrates added. 2AA showed the largest difference between patients and controls (p = 0.0004). Results suggested enzymatic evaluation of GA1 is useful under appropriate culture conditions.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1 2009|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology