Enzyme activities of the strains belonging to family leptospiraceae detected by the API ZYM system

Takehiko Saito, Etsuro Ono, Ryo Yanagawa

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Abstract

A total of 32 strains of the family Leptospiraceae (23 strains of Leptospira interrogans, 6 strains of Leptospira biflexa, 2 strains of Leptonema and 1 strain of Leptospira parva) were examined for enzyme activities using 89 substrates (API ZYM system). More than 90% of the strains belonging to the family Leptospiraceae possessed strong activities of β-D-galac-tosidase, β-D-glucosidase and 5 esterases (C5, C6, C8, C9 and C10). More than 90% of the strains belonging to the genus Leptospira, except L. parva, had strong activities of L-lysine arylamidase and α-L-glutamate arylamidase. L. biflexa strains, except serovar andamana, were different from the other strains examined in that they possessed glycyl-glycine arylamidase, glycyl-phenylalanine arylamidase and L-tryptophan arylamidase. L. biflexa strains, except andamana, L. parva and Leptonema strains possessed strong activities of glycine arylamidase and leucyl-glycine arylamidase. Two strains of the genus Leptonema were different from the strains belonging to the genus Leptospira in that they possessed strong activities of β-D-lactosidase. L. parva lacked α-D-galactosidase which other strains belonging to the family Leptospiraceae possessed. Dendrogram analysis revealed that strains belonging to the family Leptospiraceae were divided into 4 groups. The first group consisted of all strains belonging to L. interrogans and serovar andamana of L. biflexa; the second group consisted of the remaining 5 serovars of L. biflexa; the third group consisted of the genus Leptonema; and the fourth group consisted of only L. parva.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-225
Number of pages8
JournalZentralblatt fur Bakteriologie Mikrobiologie und Hygiene - Abt. 1 Orig. A
Volume266
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1987
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology

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