Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common, chronic or chronically relapsing, severely pruritic and eczematous skin disease. AD is the second most frequently observed skin disease in dermatology clinics in Japan. Prevalence of childhood AD is 12-13% in mainland Japan; however, it is only half that (~6%) in children from Ishigaki Island, Okinawa. Here, we summarize the prevalence, incidence and spontaneous regression of AD and the relation of AD to other allergic diseases from previous reports. We also refer to our recent findings from a population cohort study on Ishigaki Island, Okinawa.
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