Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate disrupts stress fibers and the contractile ring by reducing myosin regulatory light chain phosphorylation mediated through the target molecule 67 kDa laminin receptor

Daisuke Umeda, Hirofumi Tachibana, Koji Yamada

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Abstract

Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG), a major polyphenol of green tea, has been shown to inhibit the growth of various cancer cell lines. We show here that EGCG induced the disruption of stress fibers and decreased the phosphorylation of the myosin II regulatory light chain (MRLC) at Thr18/Ser19, which is necessary for both contractile ring formation and cell division. Indirect immunofluorescence analysis revealed that EGCG inhibited the concentration of both F-actin and the phosphorylated MRLC in the cleavage furrow at the equator of dividing cells. In addition, EGCG increased the percentages of cells in the G2/M phase and inhibited cell growth. Recently, we have demonstrated that the anticancer activity of EGCG is mediated by the metastasis-associated 67 kDa laminin receptor (67LR). To explore whether the effect of EGCG is mediated by the 67LR, we transfected cells with short hairpin RNA (shRNA) expression vector to downregulate 67LR expression. When the 67LR was silenced, the suppressive effect of EGCG on the MRLC phosphorylation was significantly attenuated. These results suggest that EGCG inhibits the cell growth by reducing the MRLC phosphorylation and this effect is mediated by the 67LR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)628-635
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume333
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 29 2005

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Laminin Receptors
Stress Fibers
Myosin Light Chains
Phosphorylation
Myosin Type II
Molecules
Fibers
Cell growth
Cell Division
Growth
Cells
epigallocatechin gallate
G2 Phase
Polyphenols
Tea
Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Technique
Small Interfering RNA
Actins
Down-Regulation
Neoplasm Metastasis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG), a major polyphenol of green tea, has been shown to inhibit the growth of various cancer cell lines. We show here that EGCG induced the disruption of stress fibers and decreased the phosphorylation of the myosin II regulatory light chain (MRLC) at Thr18/Ser19, which is necessary for both contractile ring formation and cell division. Indirect immunofluorescence analysis revealed that EGCG inhibited the concentration of both F-actin and the phosphorylated MRLC in the cleavage furrow at the equator of dividing cells. In addition, EGCG increased the percentages of cells in the G2/M phase and inhibited cell growth. Recently, we have demonstrated that the anticancer activity of EGCG is mediated by the metastasis-associated 67 kDa laminin receptor (67LR). To explore whether the effect of EGCG is mediated by the 67LR, we transfected cells with short hairpin RNA (shRNA) expression vector to downregulate 67LR expression. When the 67LR was silenced, the suppressive effect of EGCG on the MRLC phosphorylation was significantly attenuated. These results suggest that EGCG inhibits the cell growth by reducing the MRLC phosphorylation and this effect is mediated by the 67LR.",
author = "Daisuke Umeda and Hirofumi Tachibana and Koji Yamada",
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AU - Tachibana, Hirofumi

AU - Yamada, Koji

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N2 - Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG), a major polyphenol of green tea, has been shown to inhibit the growth of various cancer cell lines. We show here that EGCG induced the disruption of stress fibers and decreased the phosphorylation of the myosin II regulatory light chain (MRLC) at Thr18/Ser19, which is necessary for both contractile ring formation and cell division. Indirect immunofluorescence analysis revealed that EGCG inhibited the concentration of both F-actin and the phosphorylated MRLC in the cleavage furrow at the equator of dividing cells. In addition, EGCG increased the percentages of cells in the G2/M phase and inhibited cell growth. Recently, we have demonstrated that the anticancer activity of EGCG is mediated by the metastasis-associated 67 kDa laminin receptor (67LR). To explore whether the effect of EGCG is mediated by the 67LR, we transfected cells with short hairpin RNA (shRNA) expression vector to downregulate 67LR expression. When the 67LR was silenced, the suppressive effect of EGCG on the MRLC phosphorylation was significantly attenuated. These results suggest that EGCG inhibits the cell growth by reducing the MRLC phosphorylation and this effect is mediated by the 67LR.

AB - Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG), a major polyphenol of green tea, has been shown to inhibit the growth of various cancer cell lines. We show here that EGCG induced the disruption of stress fibers and decreased the phosphorylation of the myosin II regulatory light chain (MRLC) at Thr18/Ser19, which is necessary for both contractile ring formation and cell division. Indirect immunofluorescence analysis revealed that EGCG inhibited the concentration of both F-actin and the phosphorylated MRLC in the cleavage furrow at the equator of dividing cells. In addition, EGCG increased the percentages of cells in the G2/M phase and inhibited cell growth. Recently, we have demonstrated that the anticancer activity of EGCG is mediated by the metastasis-associated 67 kDa laminin receptor (67LR). To explore whether the effect of EGCG is mediated by the 67LR, we transfected cells with short hairpin RNA (shRNA) expression vector to downregulate 67LR expression. When the 67LR was silenced, the suppressive effect of EGCG on the MRLC phosphorylation was significantly attenuated. These results suggest that EGCG inhibits the cell growth by reducing the MRLC phosphorylation and this effect is mediated by the 67LR.

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