The nervous system consists of several hundred neuronal subtypes and glial cells that show specific gene expression and are generated from common ancestors, neural stem cells (NSCs). As the experimental techniques and molecular tools to analyze epigenetics and chromatin structures are rapidly advancing, the comprehensive events and genome-wide states of DNA methylation, histone modifications, and chromatin accessibility in developing NSCs are gradually being unveiled. Here, we review recent advances in elucidating the role of epigenetic and chromatin regulation in NSCs, especially focusing on the acquisition of glial identity and how epigenetic regulation enables the temporal regulation of NSCs during murine cortical development.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience