We compared the cytotoxic effects of two anthracycline derivatives, epirubicin (EPI) and adriamycin (ADM) against human tumor cells in vitro. Various tumor specimens obtained at surgery, included 57 liver, 19 lung, 16 gastric, 10 colorectal and 7 breast cancer specimens. These tumor cells were exposed to the same concentration of EPI or ADM for 3 days. The chemosensitivity of each tumor cell type to each drug was then assayed using the in vitro succinate dehydrogenase-inhibition (SDI) test. Sensitivity to the treatment was defined as a 50% or greater reduction in the succinate dehydrogenase (SD) activity of the tumor cells, relative to that of the control, (untreated) cells. Each cell type, except for gastric cancer cells, was equally sensitive to EPI and ADM. Gastric cancer cells were more sensitive to EPI than to ADM (P<0.05). The rate of coincidence, the sum of the co-sensitive and co-resistant rates of all the tumors, was quite high (90.8%). Thus, these findings indicate that EPI and ADM are equally cytotoxic to each tumor cell type, but EPI is more cytotoxic than ADM to gastric cancer cells. Since EPI is reported to be less cardiotoxic than ADM, EPI may replace ADM in cancer chemotherapy.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research