At the initial stage of carcinogenesis, a mutation occurs in a single cell within a normal epithelial layer. We have previously shown that RasV12-transformed cells are apically extruded from the epithelium when surrounded by normal cells. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon remain elusive. Here, we demonstrate that Cav-1-containing microdomains and EPLIN (also known as LIMA1) are accumulated in RasV12-transformed cells that are surrounded by normal cells. We also show that knockdown of Cav-1 or EPLIN suppresses apical extrusion of RasV12-transformed cells, suggesting their positive role in the elimination of transformed cells from epithelia. EPLIN functions upstream of Cav-1 and affects its enrichment in RasV12-transformed cells that are surrounded by normal cells. Furthermore, EPLIN regulates non-cell-autonomous activation of myosin-II and protein kinase A (PKA) in RasV12-transformed cells. In addition, EPLIN substantially affects the accumulation of filamin A, a vital player in epithelial defense against cancer (EDAC), in the neighboring normal cells, and vice versa. These results indicate that EPLIN is a crucial regulator of the interaction between normal and transformed epithelial cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology