ERG and SALL4 expressions in SMARCB1/INI1-deficient tumors: A useful tool for distinguishing epithelioid sarcoma from malignant rhabdoid tumor

Kenichi Kohashi, Yuichi Yamada, Yuka Hotokebuchi, Hidetaka Yamamoto, Tomoaki Taguchi, Yukihide Iwamoto, Yoshinao Oda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ERG is immunoexpressed in vascular endothelial tumors, blastic extramedullary myeloid tumors, and tumors with ERG-involved translocation, such as prostate carcinoma or Ewing sarcoma. Recently, ERG immunoexpression was reported in an epithelioid sarcoma, which is a SMARCB1/INI1-deficient tumor, although epithelioid sarcoma is not associated with chromosomal translocations involving ERG and is categorized as a tumor with uncertain differentiation. SALL4 is essential for a proliferation and stabilization of embryonic stem cells. It was reported that SALL4 expression may aid in distinguishing epithelioid sarcoma from malignant rhabdoid tumor. We analyzed the frequency of ERG and SALL4 expressions in 80 SMARCB1/INI1-deficient tumors, including 45 epithelioid sarcomas (conventional-type, 24; proximal-type, 20), 17 malignant rhabdoid tumors, 5 atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors, 6 undifferentiated/unclassified sarcomas, 5 myoepithelial tumors, and 4 extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcomas. We found that ERG expression was present in 18 of the epithelioid sarcomas (41%), including 13 conventional-type (54%) and 5 proximal-type (25%), whereas all 17 of the malignant rhabdoid tumors exhibited negative immunoreactivity. One atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (20%), 1 myoepithelial carcinoma (20%), 1 undifferentiated/unclassified sarcoma (17%), and no extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcomas (0%) also showed ERG expression. SALL4 expression was recognized in 5 epithelioid sarcomas (11%), 12 malignant rhabdoid tumors (71%), 2 atypical teradoid/rhabdoid tumors (40%), 4 undifferentiated/unclassified sarcomas (67%), 1 myoepithelial tumor (20%), and none of the extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcomas (0%). Therefore, the evaluation of ERG and SALL4 immunoexpressions may be a useful diagnostic tool to distinguish epithelioid sarcoma, especially proximal type, from malignant rhabdoid tumor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-230
Number of pages6
JournalHuman Pathology
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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