Introduction: The phase II JO25567 study compared the efficacy and safety of erlotinib plus bevacizumab vs. erlotinib alone as first-line therapy for advanced epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Objective: Our objective is to provide updated analyses of safety and the assessment of manageability of specific adverse events. Methods: Patients with stage IIIB/IV or recurrent, non-squamous, EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC were randomized to receive erlotinib plus bevacizumab or erlotinib. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival. Adverse event frequency rates, predictability and manageability, reasons for discontinuation, time to onset, and outcomes of specific adverse events were analyzed. Results: The safety analysis population comprised 152 randomized patients (75 erlotinib plus bevacizumab; 77 erlotinib) who received at least one dose of study drug between February 2011 and March 2012. There was no difference in overall incidence of serious adverse events between arms, but more grade 3 or higher adverse events were reported with erlotinib plus bevacizumab (90.7%) than with erlotinib (53.2%), primarily due to grade 3 hypertension. Hypertension was controllable with antihypertensive medications in most cases. Proteinuria and bleeding were also more frequently reported with erlotinib plus bevacizumab than with erlotinib but were manageable and did not lead to early discontinuations. Conclusions: The addition of bevacizumab to erlotinib prolonged progression-free survival in EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC. Follow-up safety data were consistent with the known safety profiles of both erlotinib and bevacizumab in NSCLC; this combination appeared to be manageable, and treatment was well tolerated. JapicCTI-111390.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)