Establishment and characterization of a primary cell culture derived from external auditory canal squamous cell carcinoma

Yuki Sekino, Akira Imaizumi, Noritaka Komune, Mayumi Ono, Kuniaki Sato, Shogo Masuda, Akiko Fujimura, Kensuke Koike, Takahiro Hongo, Ryutaro Uchi, Hideya Onishi, Takashi Nakagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There are no human cancer cell lines of external auditory canal origin available for research use. This report describes the establishment of a culture condition for external auditory canal squamous cell carcinoma, derived from human tumor tissue. Successive squamous cell carcinoma colonies were dissociated by trypsin, subcultured, and maintained on a feeder layer (MMC-TIG-1-20), yielding a clonally proliferating cell culture. Two morphological types of colony were observed: (a) densely packed colonies and (b) colonies with indistinct boundaries characterized by cell–cell complexes with fibroblast feeder cells. The SCC-like characteristics of these cells were evidenced by positivity for p53, SCCA1/2, cytokeratin, and vimentin, and cancer stem cell properties were indicated by positivity for CD44, CD133, Oct3/4, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). One of the unique properties of cell cultures is their tendency to form steric colonies in vitro on feeder layer cells. In addition, in the presence of fresh macrophages, the cells very slowly transform to break away from colonies as free cells, a process that resembles the epidermal–mesenchymal transition, whereby cell–cell interactions are weakened and migration activity is enhanced. These factors are purported to play a key role in cancer cell metastasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2211-2224
Number of pages14
JournalFEBS Open Bio
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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