Estimation of aerodynamic parameters of urban building arrays using wind tunnel measurements

Sheikh Ahmad Zaki, Aya Hagishima, Jun Tanimoto, Ahmad Faiz Mohammad, Azli Abd Razak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study is the experimental determination of a centre height of moment of drag force Hc, which is assumed to coincide with displacement height d on the basis of Jackson's theory. The authors performed a series of wind tunnel experiments on the spatial distribution of pressure drag acting on walls of rectangular block arrays arranged in staggered, square, and diamond layouts under the conditions of different roughness packing densities, i.e., 7.7%, 17.4%, 30.9%, and 39.1%. Total drag and wind profile of the arrays were preliminarily measured by a floating drag balance and a hot-wire anemometer, and roughness length zo and d were derived using two-parameter fitting in our previous work. Hc values determined by the pressure drag measurement were compared with d of our previous work. The results show that the estimated Hc values for staggered and square arrays are significantly smaller than d except for the data of lowest packing density. Moreover, the zo values estimated using one-parameter fitting and measured Hc are slightly larger than those of previous work for the three arrays with high packing density. Although inconsistencies of Hc and d exist, it is likely that Hc could be explained as d for a range of low packing densities, i.e., below 30.9%. The present results suggest the necessity of both more accurate data of spatially averaged wind profile and direct measurement of Hc for experimental determination of the roughness length and displacement height of a block array.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-190
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Engineering Science and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)


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