Estimation of canopy drying time after rainfall using sap flow measurements in an emergent tree in a lowland mixed-dipterocarp forest in Sarawak, Malaysia

Tomonori Kume, Koichiro Kuraji, Natsuko Yoshifuji, Toshiyuki Morooka, Shinji Sawano, Lucy Chong, Masakazu Suzuki

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23 Citations (Scopus)


This study emphasizes the importance of canopy drying time (CDT) after rainfall in a lowland tropical rain forest. In this study, we estimate CDT using sap flow velocities measured by a heat-pulse method in an emergent tree in a lowland mixed-dipterocarp forest. Estimated CDT (ECDT) for each rain event has been defined as the time from rainfall cessation to the specific time derived from the difference between diurnal courses of sap flow velocities on a rainy day versus bright days. ECDT could be derived for 22 rain events that were grouped into two types, depending on whether rainfall ceased before or after noon. The ECDTs were distributed more widely and with greater values when rainfall ceased before noon (Type 1) than after noon (Type 2). The ECDTs of both Type 1 and Type 2 decreased with increases in net radiation (Rn) and vapour pressure deficit (VPD) after rainfall. This result shows that ECDT is determined mainly by post-rainfall evaporation rates. The sap flow velocity as a detector of canopy wetness worked out well because of the specific rainfall characteristics at this site. The practical limitations of the method using sap flow velocities are discussed in relation to rainfall characteristics and time lags between transpirations and sap flow velocities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)565-578
Number of pages14
JournalHydrological Processes
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 28 2006
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Water Science and Technology

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