Estimation of flooding in PEMFC gas diffusion layer by differential pressure measurement

Kohei Ito, Kensuke Ashikaga, Yasushi Kakimoto, Toshihiro Oshima, Hiromitsu Masuda, Kazunari Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The flooding, especially in gas diffusion layer (GDL), is one of the critical issues to put PEMFC to practical use. However, the experimental data of the flooding in GDL is so insufficient that the optimization design to solve the flooding problem in GDL has not established until now. In this study we show a method to estimate the water saturation, namely the liquid water ratio for unit volume in GDL. We fabricated a simple interdigitated cell where the supply gas is enforced to flow under rib. This structure made it possible to capture the water droplet in GDL with the measurement of differential pressure through the cell. We operated the cell and measured the differential pressure, and succeeded in estimating the water saturation, which largely changed with changing cell operation condition. In addition to deferential pressure measurement, we measured the ionic resistance in polymer electrolyte membrane by AC impedance method. We evaluated the effect of the water saturation on the decrease of cell voltage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1556-1561
Number of pages6
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume73
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2007

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differential pressure
gaseous diffusion
Diffusion in gases
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
pressure measurement
Pressure measurement
cells
water
Water
saturation
Gas supply
design optimization
alternating current
estimating
Electrolytes
electrolytes
impedance
membranes
Membranes
polymers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Estimation of flooding in PEMFC gas diffusion layer by differential pressure measurement. / Ito, Kohei; Ashikaga, Kensuke; Kakimoto, Yasushi; Oshima, Toshihiro; Masuda, Hiromitsu; Sasaki, Kazunari.

In: Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B, Vol. 73, No. 7, 01.07.2007, p. 1556-1561.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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