Estimation of the Fast-Ion Anisotropy Effect on the Neutron Source Intensity Measurement and the Experimental Observation

The LHD Experiment Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In the large helical device (LHD) deuterium plasma experiment, the neutron emission rate and the shot-integrated neutron yield are measured with the neutron flux monitor (NFM) and the neutron activation system (NAS), respectively, where the neutron emission is assumed to be isotropic in the plasma. The differential cross section of the D(d,n)3He reaction has a large anisotropy for the forward direction of the incident deuteron direction. LHD has intensive tangential neutral beam injectors (NBIs), which may cause an anisotropic neutron emission in the plasma. The angular distribution of the neutron emission is calculated from the fast-ion distribution function evaluated by a code that solves Fokker-Plank equations for the 180-keV tangential NBI. The effect of the anisotropic neutron emission on the NFM and NAS measurements is estimated by a general-purpose Monte Carlo N-particle (MCNP) code calculations. Also, the effect is confirmed experimentally. The neutron emission rate measured with the NFM near the equatorial port is about 10% larger than that with the NFM at the top of the LHD center axis. The shot-integrated neutron yield measured with NAS is 25% larger than that with NFM at the top of the LHD center axis in the case of the tangential neutral beam injection, which is consistent with the MCNP calculation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8401945
Pages (from-to)12-17
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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neutron emission
neutron sources
flux (rate)
monitors
anisotropy
neutral beams
neutrons
ions
activation
injectors
shot
deuterium plasma
beam injection
ion distribution
deuterons
angular distribution
distribution functions
causes
cross sections

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Estimation of the Fast-Ion Anisotropy Effect on the Neutron Source Intensity Measurement and the Experimental Observation. / The LHD Experiment Group.

In: IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 47, No. 1, 8401945, 01.01.2019, p. 12-17.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "In the large helical device (LHD) deuterium plasma experiment, the neutron emission rate and the shot-integrated neutron yield are measured with the neutron flux monitor (NFM) and the neutron activation system (NAS), respectively, where the neutron emission is assumed to be isotropic in the plasma. The differential cross section of the D(d,n)3He reaction has a large anisotropy for the forward direction of the incident deuteron direction. LHD has intensive tangential neutral beam injectors (NBIs), which may cause an anisotropic neutron emission in the plasma. The angular distribution of the neutron emission is calculated from the fast-ion distribution function evaluated by a code that solves Fokker-Plank equations for the 180-keV tangential NBI. The effect of the anisotropic neutron emission on the NFM and NAS measurements is estimated by a general-purpose Monte Carlo N-particle (MCNP) code calculations. Also, the effect is confirmed experimentally. The neutron emission rate measured with the NFM near the equatorial port is about 10{\%} larger than that with the NFM at the top of the LHD center axis. The shot-integrated neutron yield measured with NAS is 25{\%} larger than that with NFM at the top of the LHD center axis in the case of the tangential neutral beam injection, which is consistent with the MCNP calculation.",
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