We have analysed the diffusion impedance of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) by electro-chemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). As a result, we derive oxygen diffusion distance δ adjacent to the cathode electrode (catalyst layer) assuming planar oxygen diffusion in a thin water layer unlike the conventional flooded-agglomerate model and gas phase diffusion model in a gas diffusion layer. The experimental results and their analyses show that δ agrees with a value reported from our previous ex-situ measurement. Moreover, δ gives reasonable concentration overpotentials. Increasing current density and gas humidification brings about the growth of δ. It supports that δ corresponds to the thickness of the accumulated product water in liquid state at the cathode electrode. Thus EIS analysis of the diffusion impedance can be used to diagnose the water accumulation at the cathode electrode. This result enables the prediction of the flooding and drying-up of PEFCs and assures their stable operation.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B|
|Publication status||Published - May 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering