Eta phase and boride formation in directionally solidified ni-base superalloy IN792 + Hf

S. M. Seo, I. S. Kim, J. H. Lee, C. Y. Jo, H. Miyahara, K. Ogi

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    A series of directional solidification experiments have been conducted to elucidate the formation mechanism of eta and Cr-rich phases in the Ni-base superalloy IN792+Hf. Both eta and Cr-rich phases were found to be the final solidification products developed from the remaining liquid after γ/γ′ eutectic reaction. The (Ti+Ta+Hf)/Al ratio in the residual liquid played a significant role in the nucleation of eta phase. During the solidification of γ/γ′ eutectic, the continual increase of (Ti+T+Hf)/Al ratio in the residual liquid eventually led to the completion of γ/ γ′ eutectic reaction and caused the nucleation of eta phase. The results of electron probe microanalysis and transmission electron microscopy revealed that the Cr-rich phase was Cr, Mo, and W containing M5B3and M3B2type borides. The formation of these boride phases was found to be strongly influenced by the formation of γ/γ′ eutectic. Because of the limited solubility of Cr, Mo, and W in γ/γ′ phase, these elements were enriched in the residual liquid during the solidification of γ/γ′ eutectic. In addition, boron would preferentially segregate into liquid due to its very limited solubility in both γ/γ′ and γ/γ′ phases so that the possibility of boride formation in the residual liquid ahead of the γ/γ′ eutectic was increased. A modified Scheil model was adopted to explain the influence of solidification rate on the formation of eta phase and borides, and the results were discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)883-893
    Number of pages11
    JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2007

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Metals and Alloys


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