Evaluating the Contribution of Community-based Ecotourism (CBET) to Household Income and Livelihood Changes: A Case Study of the Chambok CBET Program in Cambodia

Pichdara Lonn, Nobuya Mizoue, Tetsuji Ota, Tsuyoshi Kajisa, Shigejiro Yoshida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Community-based ecotourism (CBET) has become a popular tool, especially in developing countries, for biodiversity conservation and livelihood improvement, but there is a lack of studies that use quantitative data to evaluate the effectiveness of CBET using a before-after-control-intervention (BACI), BA, or CI design. We conducted a case study of the flagship Chambok CBET program in Cambodia to quantify the contribution of CBET to household income and livelihood changes for CBET and non-CBET members. We conducted an interview survey of 173 households (77 CBET and 96 non-CBET members) that were selected systematically from every two households along roads within the same villages. There was no significant difference between the total income of member and non-member households; the median CBET income was 1.22 USD per month, which is only 1.65% of the total income. The inequality of income from CBET among the CBET members was higher than that from other income sources. The perceptions of livelihood changes differed considerably before and after the establishment of the Chambok CBET program, although this difference was not attributed to CBET but rather to general socioeconomic changes in the country. We conclude that it is challenging to employ CBET to achieve poverty reduction and livelihood improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-69
Number of pages8
JournalEcological Economics
Volume151
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2018

Fingerprint

ecotourism
household income
income
livelihood
programme
Livelihoods
Household income
Ecotourism
Community-based
Cambodia
poverty
village

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Economics and Econometrics

Cite this

Evaluating the Contribution of Community-based Ecotourism (CBET) to Household Income and Livelihood Changes : A Case Study of the Chambok CBET Program in Cambodia. / Lonn, Pichdara; Mizoue, Nobuya; Ota, Tetsuji; Kajisa, Tsuyoshi; Yoshida, Shigejiro.

In: Ecological Economics, Vol. 151, 01.09.2018, p. 62-69.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{0d5b90f5324042bca8e38abf2dcc8a3e,
title = "Evaluating the Contribution of Community-based Ecotourism (CBET) to Household Income and Livelihood Changes: A Case Study of the Chambok CBET Program in Cambodia",
abstract = "Community-based ecotourism (CBET) has become a popular tool, especially in developing countries, for biodiversity conservation and livelihood improvement, but there is a lack of studies that use quantitative data to evaluate the effectiveness of CBET using a before-after-control-intervention (BACI), BA, or CI design. We conducted a case study of the flagship Chambok CBET program in Cambodia to quantify the contribution of CBET to household income and livelihood changes for CBET and non-CBET members. We conducted an interview survey of 173 households (77 CBET and 96 non-CBET members) that were selected systematically from every two households along roads within the same villages. There was no significant difference between the total income of member and non-member households; the median CBET income was 1.22 USD per month, which is only 1.65{\%} of the total income. The inequality of income from CBET among the CBET members was higher than that from other income sources. The perceptions of livelihood changes differed considerably before and after the establishment of the Chambok CBET program, although this difference was not attributed to CBET but rather to general socioeconomic changes in the country. We conclude that it is challenging to employ CBET to achieve poverty reduction and livelihood improvement.",
author = "Pichdara Lonn and Nobuya Mizoue and Tetsuji Ota and Tsuyoshi Kajisa and Shigejiro Yoshida",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.04.036",
language = "English",
volume = "151",
pages = "62--69",
journal = "Ecological Economics",
issn = "0921-8009",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluating the Contribution of Community-based Ecotourism (CBET) to Household Income and Livelihood Changes

T2 - A Case Study of the Chambok CBET Program in Cambodia

AU - Lonn, Pichdara

AU - Mizoue, Nobuya

AU - Ota, Tetsuji

AU - Kajisa, Tsuyoshi

AU - Yoshida, Shigejiro

PY - 2018/9/1

Y1 - 2018/9/1

N2 - Community-based ecotourism (CBET) has become a popular tool, especially in developing countries, for biodiversity conservation and livelihood improvement, but there is a lack of studies that use quantitative data to evaluate the effectiveness of CBET using a before-after-control-intervention (BACI), BA, or CI design. We conducted a case study of the flagship Chambok CBET program in Cambodia to quantify the contribution of CBET to household income and livelihood changes for CBET and non-CBET members. We conducted an interview survey of 173 households (77 CBET and 96 non-CBET members) that were selected systematically from every two households along roads within the same villages. There was no significant difference between the total income of member and non-member households; the median CBET income was 1.22 USD per month, which is only 1.65% of the total income. The inequality of income from CBET among the CBET members was higher than that from other income sources. The perceptions of livelihood changes differed considerably before and after the establishment of the Chambok CBET program, although this difference was not attributed to CBET but rather to general socioeconomic changes in the country. We conclude that it is challenging to employ CBET to achieve poverty reduction and livelihood improvement.

AB - Community-based ecotourism (CBET) has become a popular tool, especially in developing countries, for biodiversity conservation and livelihood improvement, but there is a lack of studies that use quantitative data to evaluate the effectiveness of CBET using a before-after-control-intervention (BACI), BA, or CI design. We conducted a case study of the flagship Chambok CBET program in Cambodia to quantify the contribution of CBET to household income and livelihood changes for CBET and non-CBET members. We conducted an interview survey of 173 households (77 CBET and 96 non-CBET members) that were selected systematically from every two households along roads within the same villages. There was no significant difference between the total income of member and non-member households; the median CBET income was 1.22 USD per month, which is only 1.65% of the total income. The inequality of income from CBET among the CBET members was higher than that from other income sources. The perceptions of livelihood changes differed considerably before and after the establishment of the Chambok CBET program, although this difference was not attributed to CBET but rather to general socioeconomic changes in the country. We conclude that it is challenging to employ CBET to achieve poverty reduction and livelihood improvement.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85046745385&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85046745385&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.04.036

DO - 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.04.036

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85046745385

VL - 151

SP - 62

EP - 69

JO - Ecological Economics

JF - Ecological Economics

SN - 0921-8009

ER -