We studied the recovery of rats with fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) by treating them with our original hybrid artificial liver support system (HALSS). We developed an original artificial liver module having a liver lobule-like structure (LLS). This module consists of many hollow fibers regularly arranged in close proximity and hepatocyte aggregates (organoids) induced into the extra capillary space of the module by centrifugal force. The LLS module can express some liver specific functions at high levels and maintain them for several months in vitro. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of our LLS-HALSS by using rats with FHF induced by a method that combined partial hepatectomy with hepatic ischemia. In the animal experiments, blood ammonia levels rapidly increased in the control group (sham-HALSS group). These rats died during or immediately after application of the sham-HALLS. On the other hand, in the LLS module application group (LLS-control group), the increase in blood ammonia was completely suppressed and all rats recovered. Blood constituents at 4 weeks after application were at normal levels, and the weight of the liver was the same as that of a normal rat. These results indicate that HALSS may be useful for treating liver failure patients until liver transplantation can be performed or until regeneration of the native liver occurs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Biomedical Engineering