4-Quinolone (4-QO) was evaluated as a simple and novel fluorescent anion sensor, and the modification of its emission color was carried out. The series of 4-QO derivatives having molecular orbitals with different energy levels was designed by substitutions at the 6 and 7 positions based on the molecular orbital calculations. All derivatives showed drastic fluorescence enhancements in the presence of F- via the intramolecular charge transfer mechanism, and the successful modification of the emission color was achieved. The anion-induced emission colors of these derivatives as well as their binding affinities for F- could be predicted by ab initio quantum chemical calculations, indicating that the present calculations are useful in designing new anion sensors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Drug Discovery