Evaluation of electrical activity after vagus nerve-preserving distal gastrectomy using multichannel electrogastrography

Haruaki Murakami, Hideo Matsumoto, Hisako Kubota, Masaharu Higashida, Masafumi Nakamura, Toshihiro Hirai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Multichannel electrogastrography (M-EGG) can be used to evaluate gastrointestinal motility. The myoelectric activity of the remnant stomach after surgery has not been measured by M-EGG. This study examined whether myoelectric activity varied with surgical technique and compared vagus nervepreserving distal gastrectomy (VP-DG) with standard distal gastrectomy without vagus nerve preservation (DG). Furthermore, we examined the relationship between the M-EGG findings and patients' postoperative symptoms. Methods: Twenty-six patients who underwent VP-DG, 20 who underwent DG, and 12 healthy volunteers as controls were examined with M-EGG. The Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS) was used to assess postoperative symptoms. Results: Longer periods of normal gastric function (normogastria, 2.0-4.0 cycle min-1) were detected in channel 1 in the VP-DG group than in the DG group in either the fasted or fed state (P<0.05). The percentage of slow wave coupling (%SWC) in the fed state correlated negatively with GSRS scores (reflux, r=-0.59, P=0.02; abdominal pain, r=-0.51, P=0.04, indigestion, r=-0.59, P=0.02 and total score, r=-0.75, P=0.02). Conclusions: Slow waves can be recorded non-invasively using M-EGG in the remnant stomach following gastrectomy. The VP-DG group showed better preserved gastric myoelectric activity than the DG group, and the %SWC showed a significant negative correlation with scores of GSRS (reflux, abdominal pain, indigestion and total score) in the VP-DG group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Smooth Muscle Research
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluation of electrical activity after vagus nerve-preserving distal gastrectomy using multichannel electrogastrography'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this