Evaluation of Fracture Strength for Ceramics with Defects by Numerical Simulation: (2nd Report, Characteristics of R-Curve)

Kazuya Mori, Hiroshi Noguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The influence of pre-crack length on an R-curve for ceramics with bridging is investigated by numerical simulation. Generally a pre-crack is introduced into the specimen for measurement of the R-curve. However, it is considered that the R-curve is influenced by the pre-crack length because the bridging stress distribution depends on the pre-crack length. In this study, R-curves are obtained by numerical simulation. In the numerical simulation, we establish an algorithm to evaluate the R-curve based on bridging stress. This algorithm can be used to estimate the characteristics of bridging through a certain R-curve obtained experimentally. Based on the results, it is shown that the R-curve for ceramics with bridging depends on the pre-crack length and the specimen geometry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)717-721
Number of pages5
JournalTransactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers Series A
Volume61
Issue number584
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1995

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Fracture toughness
Cracks
Defects
Computer simulation
Stress concentration
Geometry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "The influence of pre-crack length on an R-curve for ceramics with bridging is investigated by numerical simulation. Generally a pre-crack is introduced into the specimen for measurement of the R-curve. However, it is considered that the R-curve is influenced by the pre-crack length because the bridging stress distribution depends on the pre-crack length. In this study, R-curves are obtained by numerical simulation. In the numerical simulation, we establish an algorithm to evaluate the R-curve based on bridging stress. This algorithm can be used to estimate the characteristics of bridging through a certain R-curve obtained experimentally. Based on the results, it is shown that the R-curve for ceramics with bridging depends on the pre-crack length and the specimen geometry.",
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AB - The influence of pre-crack length on an R-curve for ceramics with bridging is investigated by numerical simulation. Generally a pre-crack is introduced into the specimen for measurement of the R-curve. However, it is considered that the R-curve is influenced by the pre-crack length because the bridging stress distribution depends on the pre-crack length. In this study, R-curves are obtained by numerical simulation. In the numerical simulation, we establish an algorithm to evaluate the R-curve based on bridging stress. This algorithm can be used to estimate the characteristics of bridging through a certain R-curve obtained experimentally. Based on the results, it is shown that the R-curve for ceramics with bridging depends on the pre-crack length and the specimen geometry.

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