Evaluation of reaction kinetics of CO2 and Li4SiO4 by thermogravimetry under various CO2 partial pressures

Shingo Kaniwa, Masatoshi Yoshino, Eiki Niwa, Takuya Hashimoto

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The CO2 absorption kinetics of Li4SiO4, which attracted interest as CO2 absorbent, under P(CO2) of 1.0, 0.1 and 0.03 bar was evaluated using thermogravimetry at fixed temperatures between 460 °C and 600 °C. Reaction rate and saturated reaction ratio increased with increasing temperature and P(CO2). Under P(CO2) of 1.0 bar and 0.1 bar, reaction rate at initial period was enhanced by decreasing particle size and variation of reaction ratio by time could be successfully explained by using Jander model assuming Li+ diffusion process induced by difference of CO2 concentration as rate determining step. Under P(CO2) of 0.03 bar, Jander model assuming superficial reaction between CO2 gas and Li4SiO4 solid surface as rate determining step was more applicable, indicating change of rate determining step varied from diffusion process to superficial one by decreasing P(CO2) from 0.1 bar to 0.03 bar.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-60
Number of pages5
JournalMaterials Research Bulletin
Volume97
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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