Ruxolitinib, a potent JAK1/JAK2 inhibitor, improved splenomegaly and myelofibrosis-associated symptoms and prolonged survival compared with placebo and best available therapy in the phase 3 COMFORT studies. Although cytopenias were the most common adverse events associated with ruxolitinib treatment, a COMFORT-I analysis showed that they were managed effectively with dose modifications, without a negative impact on the efficacy of ruxolitinib. Subsequently, studies A2202 and AJP01 showed that ruxolitinib is an effective treatment for Japanese patients with myelofibrosis. We conducted a pooled analysis of these two studies (N = 81) to evaluate the association between ruxolitinib dose and changes in spleen volume or symptoms in Japanese patients. Most patients began treatment at 15 or 20 mg twice daily (BID); 70% received a final titrated dose ≥ 10 mg BID. Overall, 91% of patients exhibited spleen volume reductions; patients with final titrated doses ≥ 10 mg BID had larger spleen volume reductions. Similarly, 83% of patients showed improvements in symptom scores; those with a final titrated dose of 20 or 25 mg BID had the greatest reductions. Consistent with COMFORT-I, this pooled analysis indicates that, despite dose adjustments, ruxolitinib provides spleen and symptom control in Japanese patients, with higher doses associated with better responses.
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