Evaluation of the effects of chronic kidney disease and hemodialysis on the inner ear using multifrequency tympanometry

Akihiro Tamae, Kazuyuki Ishizu, Takamasa Yoshida, Kazuhiko Kubo, Nozomu Matsumoto, Tetsuro Yasui, Kosuke Masutani, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Takashi Nakagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hemodialysis (HD) on the inner ear using the G width (the width between the bimodal peaks of the conductance (G) tympanogram at 2,000 Hz), which reflects the inner ear pressure and/or the existence of endolymphatic hydrops. MATERIALS and METHODS: We selected five patients (10 ears) from the patients with CKD who were hospitalized for creation of arteriovenous fistula prior to initiation of HD (non-HD group), and we selected seven patients (14 ears) from the patients with CKD who were undergoing HD (the HD group). As a control group, we selected 80 healthy individuals (160 ears); these were mainly the medical staff of the hospital. We measured the G width of the control group and that of patients with CKD using multifrequency tympanometry. RESULTS: The mean G widths of the HD (measured just before an HD session), non-HD, and control groups were 210.7, 128.4, and 97.0 daPa, respectively. The G width of the HD group was significantly greater than that of the control and non-HD groups (p<0.01 and p<0.01, respectively; Tukey–Kramer test after one-way analysis of variance). The non-HD group also had a greater G width than the control, but it was not significant (p=0.20; Tukey–Kramer). No significant changes were observed in the G widths of the HD group, just before and after a single HD session (p=0.423; paired t-test). CONCLUSION: The greater G width observed in hemodialyzed CKD patients suggests either an increased inner ear pressure or the existence of endolymphatic hydrops in these patients, which is probably related to their otologic symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)447-450
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of International Advanced Otology
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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